Macedonia (Македонија, transliterated: Makedonija), officially the Republic of Macedonia (Република Македонија, transliterated: Republika Makedonija), is a country located on the central Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. It is one of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia, from which it declared independence in 1991. It became a member of the United Nations in 1993.
Macedonia has a total area of 25.713 km2 (9.928 square miles). The last census data from 2002 shows a population of 2.022.547 inhabitants.
As landlocked country, the Republic of Macedonia is bordered by Kosovo to the northwest, Serbia to the north, Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south, and Albania to the west. It constitutes approximately the northwestern third of the larger geographical region of Macedonia, which also comprises the neighboring parts of northern Greece and a smaller portion in Bulgaria. The capital city is Skopje, with 506.926 inhabitants according to the 2002 census. Other larger cities: Bitola, Kumanovo, Prilep, Tetovo, Ohrid,Veles, Shtip, Kochani, Gostivar, Kavadarci, and Strumica. It has over 50 lakes, plus sixteen mountains higher than 2.000 m (6.562 ft.).