Kruševo (Macedonian: Крушево, Aromanian: Crushuva) also spelt Krushevo, is a town in the Republic of Macedonia. It’s a picturesque mountain town. Situated at an altitude of 1,350 meters (4,400 ft), Krushevo is the highest town in the Republic of Macedonia.
Krushevo is known for its many fine examples of 19th century domestic architecture. The town is full of old and more recent houses built in the style of old Macedonian architecture. The town of Krushevo is the seat of Krushevo Municipality.
The name of the town in other languages is:
* Aromanian: Crushuva
* Albanian: Krusheva
* Turkish: Kruşova, Kuruşova
* Greek: Κρουσοβώς
Krushevo is a living museum, famous for its traditional architecture, cultural sites, and legacy as the site of the great 1903 Ilinden uprising against Ottoman domination. The rebellion failed, but its memory is cherished in Macedonia even today, as a symbol of the national struggle for freedom and democracy; while it lasted only 10 days, the Krushevo Republic of revolutionary leader Nikola Karev represented a desire for self-rule under a modern European political system.
Today an enormous monument on the hill above Krushevo marks the elusive dream of the Ilinden revolutionaries.
During the Ilinden Uprising in 1903 the rebels proclaimed a short lived Krushevo Republic. Having suppressed the uprising the city was almost completely destroyed by the Ottoman army.The republic known as “Krushevska Republika” was established here in 1903 during the Ilinden insurrection.
One of the most important points in the Ilinden uprising was the declaration of the “Manifesto of Krushevo”. It called for all the people of Macedonia regardless of their nationality and religion to fight together against the Ottoman Empire and live peacefully in a free country of Macedonia.
The town is full of old and more recent houses built in the style of old Macedonian architecture. It is home to Mechkin Kamen, an historical landmark which marks the spot of the uprising of 1903. On 2 August every year, it is the site of the traditional Macedonian Independence Day celebrations, which are attended by the President of Macedonia and other Macedonian political leaders.
Krushevo also hosts the “Makedonium” monument to the Ilinden Uprising and a number of museums of the Ilinden Uprising.The towns galleries include an exhibit of 19th century icons and a memorial to the master of modern Macedonian painting Nikola Martinovski who was born in this town.
Because of its elevation, Krushevo is one of Macedonia’s winter sports destinations; the same quality also makes this pine-forested getaway a comfortable destination in summer, when the Krushevo air stays cooler and more pure than in the arid lowlands.
There is a project called “Krushevo ethno-town”, supported by the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Macedonia, developed by few enthusiasts.
According to that project, Krushevo shall look like a town from the beginning of the 20th century, while it was the center of the Macedonian Ilinden Uprising in 1903, leading to the creation of the first Republic on the Balkans “The Krushevo Republic”. People will be dressed like Ottoman Turks and Macedonian revolutionary freedom fighters. The project wants to make Krushevo a main tourist destination in five years.